Parkinson’s disease is a progressive and debilitating nervous system disease which impairs the movement and affect the elderly between the ages of 50 and 65. T affects about 1% of the population of this age group. It starts with small hand tremor, progressing to loss of movement and cognitive issues. The disease is not curable, however, there are lots of meds which can help you fight the symptoms, as well as physical therapy and progressive surgeries.
What causes Parkinson’s disease?
According to the Mayo Clinic, the cause is not known, however, the genetics and environmental factors can play a role. There were certain gene mutations being studies which might cause the disease, as well as certain toxins or environmental factors. But, doctors admit it is a small chance.
What are the symptoms?
Hand tremor is one of the most infamous early signs of this disease, appropriated with slowness and stiffness. The symptoms also include:
- Speech changes;
- Loss of automatic movements;
- Writing changes, like poorer handwriting;
- Bad posture and balance;
- Rigid muscles.
The symptoms may start on one side and then move on the other. The symptoms are worse on the side where the disease first affected.
How to treat it?
This disease cannot be cured, however, modern medicine can improve the symptoms, including difficulty walking, impaired movement, and tremors. There might be physical therapies prescribed in order to help improve the balance and stretching.
Another option is deep brain stimulation (DBS). It is a procedure where the surgeons implant electrodes into the brain and connected them to a generator implanted in the chest. The DBS sends electrical impulses to the brain, helping reduce the symptoms. This option is for people with advanced Parkinson’s disease, or who do not respond to medication well.